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4 edition of The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period found in the catalog.

The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period

The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period

  • 216 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Reaction time

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby James Wolfgang.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationix, 123 leaves
    Number of Pages123
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13553102M
    OCLC/WorldCa16770554

      Aging and the Psychological Refractory Period: Task-Coordination Strategies in Young and Old Adults. Psychology & Aging, 15, 4.) Marczinski, C. A., & Fillmore, M. T. (Janu ). Clubgoers and their trendy cocktails: implications of mixing caffeine into alcohol on information processing and subjective reports of intoxication. studied extensively using the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm. In the PRP paradigm, two distinct targets, T 1 and T 2, are presented sequentially, and a speeded response is required for each target. The processing overlap between Task 1 and Task 2 usually is .

    For our editing of the psychological refractory period on wikipedia, we noticed that not only is the articles rather short, but it also focuses on one aspect of the psychological refractory period. The only example which is highlighted was one that only applied to the confounds of a laboratory.   Association between antiepileptic drug dose and long-term response in patients with refractory epilepsy ; In any event, I was sick with the flu recently, and during my doctor's visit, I had one of these seizures, and he insisted I see a nuerologist again.

    The psychological refractory period-the prolonged reaction time (RT) to the second of 2 closely-spaced stimuli-was investigated in groups of 13 children and 13 adults. Subjects responded as fast as possible to the 2nd of 2 loud clicks that were presented after a soft click which served as a ready by: 8.   In the late s social psychologists John Darley and Bibb Latané proposed a counterintuitive hypothesis. The more witnesses there are to an accident or a crime, the less likely any of them is to help the victim (Darley & Latané, ) [1]. They also suggested the theory that this phenomenon occurs because each witness feels less responsible for helping—a process referred to Author: I-Chant A. Chiang, Rajiv S. Jhangiani, Paul C. Price.


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The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period. [James Wolfgang]. TH EFFECT OF UNISENSORY EVENT CERTAINTY ON THE PSYCHOLOGICAL REFRACTORY PERIOD A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School State Univ rsity College at Brockport In Partial Fulfillment qf the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science in Education,by James Wolfgang May l97lAuthor: James Wolfgang.

This lag in response is what is known as a “psychological refractory period” (PRP). The PRP is thought to be a limit of some mechanism in the brain to process successively occurring stimuli occurring between 50 – milliseconds : James Wolfgang.

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the psychological refractory period (PRP), a delay induced into the second of two reaction times (RT) when the interstimulus interval (ISI) is short.

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the psychological refractory period (PRP), a delay induced into the second of two reaction times (RT) when th In Experiment1, time and event uncertainty were factorially varied by providing or not providing S with foreknowledge of the ISI and the order in which the two events would occur, by: 9.

The effect of unisensory event certainty on the psychological refractory period. BF W65 The visual guidance of aimed-hand movements to stationary and moving targets by Raymond Paul Young. been termed the psychological refractory period (PRP) effect.

Several theories have been advanced in explanation of this effect. Empirical studies in tests of these theories have focused on a variety of variables as they affect RT to the second stimulus (RTa).

It was stressed, however, that a major source of. The period of time following a response to a given second stimulus, when it is presented only a short period of time after the presentation of an earlier stimulus.

Reaction time for the second is increased when its stimulus is presented immediately. Psychological Refractory Period (PRP) has been blamed on a response selection bottleneck. One of the explanations for this is that the central processing of stimulus 2 has to wait (i.e., the refractory period) until the participant is done processing stimulus 1.

The idea is that people can only handle the central processing of one task at the time. This is the central bottleneck. The authors report 2 psychological refractory period (PRP) experiments in which the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) between Task 1 and Task 2 was ms, ms, ms, and 1, ms for both.

The psychological refractory period (the response to the 2nd of 2 closely spaced stimuli is slower) has received 2 explanations: (a) a central process in which time must be allowed for processing the 1st stimulus before the 2nd can be undertaken and (b) an expectancy statement to the effect that past experience with the random array of interstimulus intervals employed causes S to expect a Cited by: Start studying General Psychology Chapter 8.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. the effect of learned associations on eating behavior Males experience a refractory period during the ____ phase of. with the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm, where two stimuli that require speeded responses occur in close succession [4].

Interference generally takes the form of a delay in the time to respond to the second stimulus [5]. Previous studies suggested that sensory decisions require the accumulation of sensory evidence [6, 7] and. A single-stimulation and two double-stimulation response conditions were compared using explicit payoff matrices to vary speed-accuracy tradeoff.

Under accuracy payoff, response latency (RT1) to the first stimulus increased as ISI dropped but accuracy remained high and relatively constant. Under speed payoff, RT1 was only slightly affected by ISI but accuracy dropped as ISI by: A clear indication of PR was obtained with objective time certainty, under conditions which led to true RT responses to both signals.

It was suggested that the large amount of PR found could be ascribed to the intensity of involvement with S ctive facilitation of R 1 by S 2 occurred, but was markedly diminished when no response to S 2 was by: 8. The term psychological refractory period (PRP) refers to the period of time during which the response to a second stimulus is significantly slowed because a first stimulus is still being processed.

This delay in response time when one is required to divide attention can exhibit a negative effect that is evident in many fields of [ ]. Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.

In the most common procedure, the foreskin is opened, adhesions are removed, and the foreskin is separated from the that, a circumcision device may be placed, and then the foreskin is cut off. Topical or locally injected anesthesia is used to reduce pain and physiologic : V Effect of Marihuana on the Psychological Refractory Period Herbert Moskowitz, Richard Shea, and Marcelline Burns Perceptual and Motor Skills 3, Cited by: 9.

the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty. The Refractory Period Defined. The refractory period, also referred to as the psychological refractory period refers to the increased time it takes a subject to respond to a stimulus when it's.

THE EFFECTS OF THE PHENOMENON OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL REFRACTORY PERIOD UPON COLLEGE ATHLETES AND NON-ATHLETES A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Physical Education and Recreation Western Kentucky University Bowling Green, Kentucky In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts by Jefferson C.

Knott.1. Am J Psychol. Mar;86(1) The psychological refractory period and the effect of stimulus discriminability.

Tolkmitt FJ, Lunn by: 4.These effects of temporal orienting were evident regardless of the specific stimuli used, with similar results being obtained when circles were used as cues and crosses as targets, and vice versa (see Nobre, ).Behavioral advantages for validly cued targets were robust over different cued time intervals (/, /, / ms).Cited by: